As said how earlier we go back in time how less Abeln families we see.
We know that the first Abeln lived in villages round the Hümmling.
The oldest places were we know living Abel(e)n were:
1394 Wieste, 1560 Stapelfeld, 1570 Melstrup
How earlier we go back in time how less Abeln families we see.
Point the village below to see the names of the villages and the Abeln families:
So there is a temptation to say that all the Abeln have one common ancestor.
But that is unsure: it is anyhow a lack of data.
From the genealogical surveys there is no evidence now that they have one common
A fact is that the first Abeln lived in a small area round the Hümmling.
But it is better to say that the Abeln lived in the area of the Niederstift
Münster (see also Germany now).
Emsland became in 1252 a part the diocese of Münster. Cloppenburg and
Vechta (the Oldenburger Münsterland) became part of the Niederstift in
1400 . The Niederstift Münster ended in 1803 by Napoleon. The Niederstift
Münster was divided in the parts (Ämter) Meppen, Vechta und Cloppenburg.
The Niederstift Münster was an area where mainly catholic people lived:
a diaspora in a non-catholic surrounding. We see that all(?) Abeln have catholic
The local language of Emsland is a kind of "plattdüts". The
dialect of the Cloppenburg area is rather similar by the common period of the
Niederstift Münster. It is also rather similar to the dialect of the North-East
of the Netherlands. We hear that a word ending on "en" is pronounced
(and sometimes written) like "n":
Round 1400 the surnames were created in West Europe.
This local language of the Niederstift Münster can be a reason of the
specific local name Abeln (or Abelen).
If you looking for one common ancestor than the capture of Cloppenburg in the
year 1400 can be interesting:
"Graf Nikolaus II. von Tecklenburg vor Arend Bisping, Richter zu
Münster, zugunsten des Stiftes Münster feierlich Verzicht "auf
die Herrschaft, das Amt und die Burg Kloppenburg, die Burg und Stadt to Oite,
die Burg Schnappe mit aller Herrlichkeit, mit Gerichten, Dienstmannschaften,
Bürgern, Lehngütern, freien und eigenen Gütern und Leuten
usw. in den Kirchspielen Oite, Crapendorf, Lastrup, Essen, Löningen,
Lindern, Molbergen, an dem Waterstrom, im Sagelterland" (Oldenburgisches
Urkundenbuch, Band 5, Nr.548). "
Maybe farmers from the east -part of the niederstift Münster who helped
with the capture of Cloppenburg get land in this new area. And 1400 was 6 years
after "Freibauernurkunde" of 1394 by the Freibauern des Hümmlings.
If we want to know more we need to do study the archives or use some DNA survey